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Family Genus Specific epithet Specific authority Infraspecific epithet Infraspecific authority
2C mean1(pg) 2C mean1(mbp) 2C range1 pg Life cycle
Other specifications (cultivar, population, strain, etc.) Original reference Journal Year
Telomere type Telomere type based in genome sequenced hybrid
Number of 5S signals Range of 5S signals Position2 of 5S signals (5S P)
Number of 35S3 signals Range of 35S signals Position2 of 35S signals (35S P) Arrangement
Total number of rDNA signals (5S+35S) (Total) Number of chromosomes with both 5S and 35S signals (SC)
Number of chromosomes with both 5S and 35S in the same arm (SA) Number of chromosomes with co-localized 5S and 35S signals (Coloc.)

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1 1C genome size and n chromosome number for bryophytes.
2 Position refers to that of most chromosomes in the species and can be either interstitial (i), (peri-)centromeric (c) and (sub-)terminal or satellite (t).
3 35S=45S=18S-5.8S-26S rDNA

You can link the full-text version of the article by clicking the symbol Adobepdf provided that the library of your institution has free access to the journal, the journal is Open Access or that the article is made freely available by the journal. Otherwise, only the abstract will be shown.

Publications on plant rDNA loci

  • Adobepdf1. De Souza Almeida CC, De Lemos Carvalho PC, Guerra M. 2007. Karyotype differentiation among Spondias species and the putative hybrid Umbu-cajá (Anacardiaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 155: 541-547.
  • Adobepdf2. Koo DH, Seong NS, Seong JS, Bang KH, Bang JW. 2003. Karyotype analysis and physical mapping of rDNAs in Bupleurum longeradiatum. Korean Journal of Medicinal and Crop Sciences 11: 402-407.
  • Adobepdf3. Kim SY, Bang JW, Lee J. 2006. Cytogenetic analysis using mitosis, meiosis, chromosomes and bicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization of Bupleurum latissimum Nakai. Korean Journal of Medicinal and Crop Sciences 14: 354-359.
  • Adobepdf4. Lee SH, Choi HW, Sung JS, Bang JW. 2010. Inter-genomic relationships among three medicinal herbs: Cnidium officinale, Ligusticum chanxiong and Angelica polymorpha. Genes & Genomics 32: 95-101.
  • Adobepdf5. Schrader O, Ahne R, Fuchs J. 2003. Karyotype analysis of Daucus carota L. using Giemsa C-banding and FISH of 5S and 18S/25S rRNA specific genes. Caryologia 56: 149-154.
  • Adobepdf6. Iovene M, Grzebelus E, Carputo D, Jiang J, Simon PW. 2008. Major cytogenetic landmarks and karyotype analysis in Daucus carotaand other Apiaceae. American Journal of Botany 95: 793-804.
  • Adobepdf7. Rasmussen SK, Avato P. 1998. Characterization of chromosomes and genome organization of Thapsia garganica L. by localizations of rRNA genes using fluorescent in situ hybridization. Hereditas 129: 231-239.
  • Adobepdf8. Choi HW, Koo DH, Bang KH, Paek KY, Seong NS, Bang JW. 2009. FISH and GISH analysis of the genomic relationships among Panax species. Genes & Genomics 31: 99-105.
  • Adobepdf9. Berjano R, Roa F, Talavera S, Guerra M. 2009. Cytotaxonomy of diploid and polyploid Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) species based on the distribution of CMA/DAPI bands and 5S and 45S rDNA sites. Plant Systematics and Evolution 280: 219-227.
  • Adobepdf10. Abd El-Twab MH, Kondo K. 2009. Physical mapping of 5S, 45S, Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence repeats and AT-rich regions in Achillea millefolium showing intra-chromosomal variation by FISH and DAPI. Chromosome Botany 4: 37-45.
  • Adobepdf11. Mazzella C, Rodríguez M, Vaio M, Gaiero P, López-Carro B, Santiñaque FF, Folle GA, Guerra M. 2010. Karyological features of Achyrocline (Asteraceae, Gnaphalieae): stable karyotypes, low DNA content variation and linkage of rRNA genes. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 128: 169-176.
  • Adobepdf12. Abd El-Twab MH, Kondo K. 1999. Isolation of a particular chromosome of Ajania remotipinna in a chromosome complement of an artificial F1 hybrid of Dendranthema lavandulifolia x Ajania remotipinna by use of genomic in situ hybridization. Chromosome Science 3: 21-28.
  • Adobepdf13. Matoba H, Uchiyama H. 2009. Physical mapping of 5S rDNA, 18S rDNA and telomere sequences in three species of the genus Artemisia (Asteraceae) with distinct basic chromosome numbers. Cytologia 74: 115-123.
  • Adobepdf14. Garcia S, Garnatje T, Hidalgo O, McArthur ED, Siljak-Yakovlev S, Vallès J. 2007. Extensive ribosomal DNA (18S-5.8S-26S and 5S) colocalization in the North American endemic sagebrushes (subgenus Tridentatae, Artemisia, Asteraceae) revealed by FISH. Plant Systematics and Evolution 267: 79-92.
  • Adobepdf15. Garcia S, Lim KY, Chester M, Garnatje T, Pellicer J, Valles J, Leitch AR, Kovarik A. 2009. Linkage of 35S and 5S rRNA genes in Artemisia (family Asteraceae): first evidence from angiosperms. Chromosoma 118: 85-97.
  • Adobepdf16. Garcia S, Garnatje T, Pellicer J, McArthur ED, Sijak-Yakovlev S, Vallès J. 2009. Ribosomal DNA, heterochromatin and correlation with genome size in diploid and polyploid North American endemic sagebrushes (Artemisia, Asteraceae). Genome 52: 1012-1024.
  • Adobepdf17. Pellicer J, Garcia S, Garnatje T, Hidalgo O, Siljak-Yakovlev S, Vallès J. 2008. Molecular cytogenetic characterization of some representatives of the subgenera Artemisia and Absinthium (genus Artemisia, Asteraceae). Collectanea Botanica (Barcelona) 27: 13-21.
  • Adobepdf18. Torrell M, Cerbah M, Siljak-Yakovlev S, Vallès J. 2003. Molecular cytogenetics of the genus Artemisia (Asteraceae, Anthemideae): fluorochrome banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization. I. Subgenus Seriphidium and related taxa. Plant Systematics and Evolution 239: 141-153.
  • Adobepdf19. Hoshi Y, Hideyuki M, Kondo K. 2006. Physical mapping of ribosomal RNA genes in the genus Artemisia L. (Asteraceae). Caryologia 59: 312-318.
  • Adobepdf20. Matoba H, Soejima A, Hoshi Y. 2007. Identification of parental genomes and genomic organization in Aster microcephalus var. ovatus. Journal of Plant Research 120: 585-593.
  • Adobepdf21. Garcia S, Panero J, Siroky J, Kovarik K. 2010. Repeated reunions and splits feature the highly dynamic evolution of 5S and 35S ribosomal RNA genes (rDNA) in the Asteraceae family. BMC Plant Biology 10: 176.
  • Adobepdf22. Bang KH, Koo DH, Kim HS, Song BH, Cho YG, Cho JH, Bang JW. 2003. Comparative cytogenetic characteristics and physical mapping of the 17S and 5S ribosomal DNAs between Atractylodes japonica Koidz. and Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. Korean Journal of Medicinal and Crop Sciences 11: 311-315.
  • Adobepdf23. Adachi J, Watanabe K, Fukui K, Ohmido N, Kosegu K. 1997. Chromosomal location and reorganization of the 45S and 5S rDNA in the Brachyscome lineariloba complex (Asteraceae). Journal of Plant Research 110: 371-377.
  • Adobepdf24. Dydak M, Kolano B, Nowak T, Siwinska D, Maluszynska J. 2009. Cytogenetic studies of three European species of Centaurea L. (Asteraceae). Hereditas 146: 152-161.
  • Adobepdf25. Baeza P, Marcelo C, Schrader O. 2005. Karyotype analysis in Chaetanthera chilenses (Willd,) DC, and Chaetanthera ciliata Ruiz et Pavón (Asteraceae) by double fluorescence in situ hybridization. Caryologia 58: 332-338.
  • Adobepdf26. Baeza P,, Schrader O (a). 2005. Karyotype analysis and detection of 5S and 18S/25S rDNA gene sequences in Chaetanthera microphylla (Cass.) Hook. Et Arn. (Asteraceae). Gayana Botanica 62: 47-49.
  • Adobepdf27. Abd El-Twab MH, Kondo K. 2006. FISH physical mapping of 5S, 45S and Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence repeats in Chrysanthemum zawadskii showing intra-chromosomal variation and complexity in nature. Chromosome Botany 1: 1-5.
  • Adobepdf28. Kondo K, Abd El-Twab MH. 2002. Analysis of inter- and intra-generic relationships sensu stricto among the members of Chrysanthemum sensu lato by using fluorescent in situ hybridization and genomic in situ hybridization . Chromosome Science 6: 87-100.
  • Adobepdf29. Moraes AP, Guerra M. 2010. Cytological differentiation between the two subgenomes of the tetraploid Emilia fosbergii Nicolson and its relationship with E. sonchifolia (L.) DC. (Asteraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 287: 113-118.
  • Adobepdf30. Baeza C, Schrader O (b). 2005. Comparative karyotype analysis in Haplopappus Cass. and Grindelia Willd. (Asteraceae) by double FISH with rRNA specific genes. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 161-172.
  • Adobepdf31. Cuéllar T, Orellana J, Belhassen E, Bella JL. 1999. Chromosomal characterization and physical mapping of the 5S and the 18S-5.8S-25S ribosomal DNA in Helianthus argophyllus, with new data from Helianthus annuus. Genome 42: 110-115.
  • Adobepdf32. Schrader O, Ahne R, Fuchs J, Schubert I. 1997. Karyotype analysis of Helianthus annuus using Giemsa banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Chromosome Research 5: 451-456.
  • Adobepdf33. Tremetsberger K, Talavera S, Stuessy TF, Ortiz MA, Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Kadlec G. 2004. Relationship of Hypochaeris salzmanniana (Asteraceae, Lactuceae), an endangered species of the Iberian Peninsula, to H. radicata and H. glabra and biogeographical implications. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 146: 79-95.
  • Adobepdf34. Cerbah M, Coulaud J, Siljak-Yakovlev S. 1998. rDNA organization and evolutionary relationships in the genus Hypochaeris (Asteraceae). The Journal of Heredity 89: 312-318.
  • Adobepdf35. Rúas CF, Vanzela ALL, Santos MO, Fregonezi JN, Ruas PM, Matzenbavher NI, Aguiar-Perecin MLR. 2005. Chromosomal organization and phylogenetic relationships in Hypochaeris species (Asteraceae) from Brazil. Genetics and Molecular Biology 28: 129-139.
  • Adobepdf36. Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Stuessy TF, Siljak-Yakovlev S, Baeza CM, Parker J. 2003. Karyotype evolution in South Amerian species of Hypochaeris (Asteraceae, Lactuceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 241: 171-184.
  • Adobepdf37. Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Tremetsberger K, Schneeweiss GM, Parker JS, Stuessy TF. 2008. Karyotype diversification and evolution in diploid and polyploid South American Hypochaeris (Asteraceae) inferred from rDNA localization and genetic fingerprint data. Annals of Botany 101: 909-918.
  • Adobepdf38. Tremetsberger K, Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Stuessy T, Samuel R, Kadlec G, Ortiz MA, Talavera S. 2005. Nuclear ribosomal DNA and karyotypes indicate a NW African origin of South American Hypochaeris (Asteraceae, Cichorieae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 102-116.
  • Adobepdf39. Abd El-Twab MH, Kondo K. 2007. FISH physical mapping of 5S rDNA and telomere sequence repeats identified a peculiar chromosome mapping and mutation in Leucanthemella linearis and Nipponanthemum nipponicum in Chrysanthemum sensu lato. Chromosome Botany 2: 11-17.
  • Adobepdf40. Rebernig CA, Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Blöch C, Schneeweiss GM, Rupp B, Villasenor JL, Stuessy TF. 2009. Complex evolutionary history of the white-reyed species of Melampodium (Asteraceae) involved multiple cycles of hybridization and polyploidization. ICPHB 2009 Meeting - Book of Abstracts UNPUBLISHED S7-4: 159.
  • Adobepdf41. Hidalgo O. 2006. El grupo Rhaponticum (Asteraceae, Cardueae, Centaureinae): delimitación y filogenia. PhD thesis 7: 151-174.
  • Adobepdf42. Pires JC, Lim KY, Kovarík A, Matyasek R, Boyd A, Leitch AR, Leitch IJ, Bennett MD, Soltis PS, Soltis DE. 2004. Molecular cytogenetic analysis of recently evolved Tragopogon (Asteraceae) allopolyploids reveal a karyotype that is additive of the diploid progenitors. American Journal of Botany 97: 1022-1035.
  • Adobepdf43. Garnatje T, Vallès J, Vilatersana R, Garcia-Jacas N, Susanna A, Siljak-Yakovlev S. 2004. Molecular cytogenetics of Xeranthemum L. and related genera (Asteraceae, Cardueae). Plant Biology 6: 1-7.
  • Adobepdf44. Sheng MY, Wang LJ. 2010. Chromosomal localization of 45S and 5S rDNA in 14 species and the implications for genome evolution of genus Epimedium. Plant Systematics and Evolution 290: 65-73.
  • Adobepdf45. Kim SY, Choi HW, Koo DH, Kim CS, Bang JW. 2005. Karyotype analysis and physical mapping of rDNAs using McFISH in Jeffersonia dubia Benth. Korean Journal of Medicinal and Crop Sciences 13: 48-51.
  • Adobepdf46. Murata M, Heslop-Harrison JS, Motoyoshi F. 1997. Physical mapping of the 5S ribosomal RNA genes in Arabidopsis thaliana by multi-color fluorescence in situ hybridization with cosmid clones. The Plant Journal 12: 31-37.
  • Adobepdf47. Pontes O, Neves N, Silva M, Lewis MS, Madlung A, Comai L, Viegas W, Pikaard CS. 2004. Chromosomal locus rearrangements are a rapid response to formation of the allotetraploid Arabidopsis suecica genome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Siences of the USA 101: 18240-18245.
  • Adobepdf48. Fransz P, Armstrong S, Alonso-Blanco C, Fischer TC, Torres-Ruiz RA, Jones G. 1998. Cytogenetics for the model system Arabidopsis thaliana. The Plant Journal 13: 867-876.
  • Adobepdf49. Snowdon RJ, Friedt W, Köhler A, Köhler W. 2000. Molecular cytogenetic localization and characterization of 5S and 25S rDNA loci for chromosome identification in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Annals of Botany 86: 201-204.
  • Adobepdf50. Snowdon RJ. 2007. Cytogenetics and genome analysis in Brassica crops. Chromosome Research 15: 85-95.
  • Adobepdf51. Lim KB, de Jong H, Yang TJ, Park JY, Kwon SJ, Kim SJ, Lim MH, Kim JA et al. 2005. Characterization of rDNAs and tandem repeats in the heterochromatin of Brassica rapa. Molecules and Cells 19: 436-444.
  • Adobepdf52. Hasterok R, Jenkins G, Langdon T, Jones RN, Maluszynska J. 2001. Ribosomal DNA is an effective marker of Brassica chromosomes. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 103: 486-490.
  • Adobepdf53. Kulak S, Hasterok R, Maluszynska J. 2002. Karyotyping of Brassica amphidiploids using 5S and 25S rDNA as chromosome markers. Hereditas 136: 144-150.
  • Adobepdf54. Ali HBM, Lysak MA, Schubert I. 2005. Chromosomal localization of rDNA in the Brassicaceae. Genome 48: 341-346.
  • Adobepdf55. Hasterok R, Wolny E, Hosiawa M, Kowalczyk M, Kulak-Ksiazczyk S, Ksiazczyk T, Heneen WK, Maluszynska J. 2006. Comparative analysis of rDNA distribution in chromosomes of various species of Brassicaceae. Annals of Botany 97: 205-216.
  • Adobepdf56. Armstrong SJ, Fransz P, Marshall DF, Jones GH. 1998. Physical mapping of DNA repetitive sequences to mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Heredity 81: 666-673.
  • Adobepdf57. Hasterok R, Wolny E, Kulak S, Zdziechiewicz A, Maluszynska J, Heneen WK. 2005. Molecular cytogenetic analysis of Brassica rapa-Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra monosomic addition lines. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 111: 196-205.
  • Adobepdf58. Koo DH, Plaha P, Lim YP, Hur Y, Bang JW. 2004. A high-resolution karyotype of Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis revealed by pachytene analysis and multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 109: 1346-1352.
  • Adobepdf59. Xiong Z, Pires JC. 2010. Karyotype and identification of all homoeologous chromosomes of allopolyploid Brassica napus and its diploid progenitors. Genetics 187: 37-49.
  • Adobepdf60. Dierschke T, Mandáková T, Lysak MA, Mummenhoff K. 2009. A bicontinental origin of polyploid Australian/New Zealand Lepidium species (Brassicaceae)? Evidence from genomic in situ hybridization. Annals of Botany 104: 681-688.
  • Adobepdf61. Li Z, Cartagena J, Fukui K. 2005. Simultaneous detection of 5S and 45S rRNA genes in Orychophragmus violaceus by double fluorescence in situ hybridization. Cytologia 70: 459-466.
  • Adobepdf62. Schrader O, Budahn H, Ahne R. 2000. Detection of 5S and 25S rRNA genes in Sinapis alba, Raphanus sativus and Brassica napus by double fluorescence in situ hybridization. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100: 665-669.
  • Adobepdf63. Fukushima K, Imamura K, Nagano K, Hoshi Y. 2010. Contrasting patterns of the 5S and 45S rDNA evolutions in the Byblis liniflora complex (Byblidaceae). Journal of Plant Research 124: 231-244.
  • Adobepdf64. Kim SY, Kim CS. 2010. Analysis of FISH patterns using 5S and 45S rDNAs in Codonopsis minima and C. lanceolata from Jeju Island. Korean Journal of Medicinal and Crop Sciences 18: 186-190.
  • Adobepdf65. Vanzela ALL, Cuadrado A, Vieira AOS, Jouve N. 1999. Genome characterization and relationships between two species of the genus Lobelia (Campanulaceae) determined by repeated DNA sequences. Plant Systematics and Evolution 214: 211-218.
  • Adobepdf66. Karlov GI, Danilova TV, Horlemann C, Weber G. 2003. Molecular cytogenetics in hop (Humulus lupulus L.) and identification of sex chromosomes by DAPI-banding. Euphytica 132: 185-190.
  • Adobepdf67. Kim SY, Kim CS, Lee J, Bang JW. 2008. Karyotype analysis and physical mapping using two rRNA genes in dioecious plant, Humulus japonicus Sieboid & Zucc. Genes & Genomics 30: 157-161.
  • Adobepdf68. Grabowska-Joachimiak A, Mosiolek M, Lech A, Góralski G. 2010. C-Banding/DAPI and in situ hybridization reflect karyotype structure and sex chromosome differentiation in Humulus japonicus Sieboid & Zucc. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 132: 203-211.
  • Adobepdf69. Costa FR, Pereira TNS, Hodnett GL, Pereira MG, Stelly DM. 2008. Fluorescent in situ hybridization of 18S and 5S rDNA in papaya (Carica papaya L.) and wild relatives. Caryologia 61: 411-416.
  • Adobepdf70. Lengerova M, Kejnovsky E, Hobza R, Macas J, Grant SR, Vyskot B. 2004. Multicolor FISH mapping of the dioecious model plant, Silene latifolia. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 108: 1193-1199.
  • Adobepdf71. Siroky J, Lysák MA, Dolezel J, Kejnovsky E, Vyskot B. 2001. Hetereogeneity of rDNA distribution and genome size in Silene spp. . Chromosome Research 9: 387-393.
  • Adobepdf72. Pontes O, Cotrim H, Pais S, Viegas W. 2000. Physical mapping, expression patterns and interphase organisation of rDNA loci in Portuguese endemic Silene cintrana and Silene rothmaleri. Chromosome Research 8: 313-317.
  • Adobepdf73. Markova M, Lengerova M, Zluvova J, Janousek B, Vyskot B. 2006. Karyological analysis of an interspecific hybrid between the dioecious Silene latifolia and the hermaphroditic Silene viscosa. Genome 49: 373-379.
  • Adobepdf74. Gao D, Schmidt T, Jung C. 2000. Molecular characterization and chromosomal distribution of species-specific repetitive DNA sequences from Beta corolliflora, a wild relative of sugar beet. Genome 43: 1073-1080.
  • Adobepdf75. Schmidt T, Schwarzacher T, Heslop-Harrison JS. 1994. Physical mapping of rRNA genes by fluorescent in-situ hybridization and structural analysis of 5S rRNA genes and intergenic spacer sequences in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 88: 629-636.
  • Adobepdf76. Maughan PJ, Kolano BA, Maluszynska J, Coles ND, Bonifacio A, Rojas J, Coleman CE, Stevens MR, Fairbanks DJ, Parkinson SE, Jellen EN. 2006. Molecular and cytological characterization of ribosomal RNA genes in Chenopodium quinoa and Chenopodium berlandieri. Genome 49: 825-839.
  • Adobepdf77. Kolano B, Plucienniczak A, Kwasniewski M, Maluszynska J. 2008. Chromosomal localization of a novel repetitive sequence in the Chenopodium quinoa genome. Journal of Applied Genetics 49: 313-320.
  • Adobepdf78. Kolano B, Michalska M, Molewska R, Maluszynska J. 2009. GISH and FISH analysis of hexaploid Chenopodium album and its putative ancestors. ICPHB 2009 Meeting - Book of Abstracts UNPUBLISHED S2-10: 121.
  • Adobepdf79. Lee BS, Kim MY, Wang RRC, Waldron BL. 2005. Relationships among 3 Kochia species based on PCR-generated molecular sequences and molecular cytogenetics. Genome 48: 1104-1115.
  • Adobepdf80. Ito M, Ohmido N, Akiyama Y, Fukui K, Koba T. 2000. Characterization of spinach chromosomes by condensation patterns and physical mapping of 5S and 45S rDNAs by FISH. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 125: 59-62.
  • Adobepdf81. Lan T, Liu B, Dong F, Chen R, Li X, Chen Ch. 2008. Multicolor FISH analysis of rDNA and telomere on spinach. Frontiers of Agriculture in China 2: 314-316.
  • Adobepdf82. Guerra M, García MA. 2004. Heterochromatin and rDNA sites distribution in the holocentric chromosomes of Cuscuta approximata Bab. (Convolvulaceae). Genome 47: 134-140.
  • Adobepdf83. Srisuwan S, Sihachakr D, Siljak-Yakovlev S. 2006. The origin and evolution of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) and its wild relatives through the cytogenetic approaches. Plant Science 171: 424-433.
  • Adobepdf84. Koo DH, Hur Y, Jin DC, Bang JW. 2002. Karyotype analysis of a Korean cucumber cultivar (Cucumis sativus L. cv Winter Long) using C-banding and bicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization. Molecules and Cells 13: 413-418.
  • Adobepdf85. Tagashira N, Hoshi Y, Yagi K, Plader W, Malepszy S. 2009. Cytogenetic comparison among three cultivars of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) by using post-heated DAPI band, 45S and 5S 5DNA sites. Chromosome Botany 4: 19-23.
  • Adobepdf86. Liu C, Liu J, Li H, Zhang Z, Han Y, Huang S, Jin W. 2010. Karyotyping in melon (Cucumis melo L.) by cross-species fosmid fluorescence in situ hybridization. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 129: 241-249.
  • Adobepdf87. Sato H, Kurozumi K, Koba T. 2007. Karyotype analysis of a Japanese cucumber cultivar by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Chromosome Science 10: 65-69.
  • Adobepdf88. Xu YH, Yang F, Cheng YL, Ma L, Wang JB, Li LJ. 2007. Comparative analysis of rDNA distribution in metaphase chromosomes of Cucurbitaceae species. Yi Chuan 29: 614-620.
  • Adobepdf89. Lombello RA, Pinto-Maglio CAF. 2007. Cytomolecular studies in Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae), a potential medicinal plant. Cytologia 72: 415-418.
  • Adobepdf90. Choi YA, Tao R, Yonemori K, Sugiura A . 2003. Simultaneous visualization of 5S and 45S rDNAs in Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) and several wild relatives (Diospyros spp.) by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and multicolor FISH (MCFISH). Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 128: 736-740.
  • Adobepdf91. Leitch AR, Lim YK, Leitch IJ, O'Neill M, Chye ML, Low FC. 1998. Molecular cytogenetic studies in rubber, Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae). Genome 41: 464-467.
  • Adobepdf92. Witwoska M, Ohmido N, Cartagena J, Shibagaki N, Kajiyama SI, Fukui K. 2009. Physical mapping of ribosomal DNA genes on Jathropa curcas chromosomes by multicolor FISH. Cytologia 74: 133-139.
  • Adobepdf93. De Carvalho, Guerra M. 2002. Cytogenetics of Manihot esculenta Crantz (cassava) and eight related species. Hereditas 136: 159-168.
  • Adobepdf94. Vasconcelos S, Araújo de Souza A, Silva Gusmao CL, Milani M, Benko-Iseppon, Brasileiro-Vidal AC. 2010. Heterochromatin and rDNA 5S and 45S sites as reliable cytogenetic markers for castor oil bean (Ricinus communis, Euphorbiaceae). Micron 41: 746-753.
  • Adobepdf95. Raina SN, Mukai Y . 1999. Detection of a variable number of 18S-5.8S-26S and 5S ribosomal DNA loci by fluorescent in situ hybridization in diploid and tetraploid Arachis species. Genome 42: 52-59.
  • Adobepdf96. Robledo G, Lavia GI, Seijo G. 2009. Species relations among wild Arachis species with the A genome as revealed by FISH mapping of rDNA loci and heterochromatin detection. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 118: 1295-1307.
  • Adobepdf97. Seijo JG, Lavia GI, Fernández A, Krapovickas A, Ducasse D, Moscone EA. 2004. Physical mapping of the 5S and 18S-25S rRNA genes by FISH as evidence that Arachis duranensis and A. ipaensis are the wild diploid progenitors of A. hypogaea (Leguminosae). American Journal of Botany 91: 1294-1303.
  • Adobepdf98. Robledo G, Lavia GI, Seijo G. 2010. Genome re-assignment of Arachis trinitensis (Sect. Arachis, Leguminosae) and its implications for the genetic origin of cultivated peanut. Genetics and Molecular Biology 33: 714-718.
  • Adobepdf99. Robledo G, Seijo G. 2010. Species relationships among the wild B genome of Arachis species (section Arachis) based on FISH mapping of rDNA loci and heterochromatin detection: a new proposal for genome arrangement. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 121: 1033-1046.
  • Adobepdf100. Kim SY, Choi HW, Kim CS, Sung JS, Lee J, Bang JW. 2006. Cytogenetic analyses of Astragalus species. Korean Journal of Medicinal and Crop Sciences 14: 250-254.
  • Adobepdf101. Khattak GSS, Wolny E., Saeed I. 2007. Detection of ribosomal DNA sites in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wiltzek) by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39: 1511-1515.
  • Adobepdf102. Mondin M, Santos-Serejo JA, Aguiar-Perecin MLR. 2007. Karyotype characterization of Crotalaria juncea (L.) by chromosome banding and physical mapping of 18S-5.8S-26S and 5S rRNA gene sites. Genetics and Molecular Biology 30: 65-72.
  • Adobepdf103. Nardy M, Yuyama PM, Andrade de Almeida Rego LN, Laforga Valenza AL. 2010. Chromosome banding patterns and localization of 5S and 45S rDNA sites in three shrub-tree species of Erythrina L. (Leguminosae: papilionoideae) from Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biociencias 8: 149-153.
  • Adobepdf104. Krishnan P, Sapra VT, Soliman KM, Zipf A. 2001. FISH mapping of the 5S and 18S-28S rDNA loci in different species of Glycine. The Journal of Heredity 92: 295-300.
  • Adobepdf105. Shi L, Zhu T, Keim P. 1996. Ribosomal RNA genes in soybean and common bean: chromosomal organization, expression, and evolution. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 93: 136-141.
  • Adobepdf106. Galasso I. 2003. Distribution of highly repeated DNA sequences in species of the genus Lens Miller. Genome 46: 1118-1124.
  • Adobepdf107. Balyan HS, Houben A, Ahne R. 2002. Karyotype analysis and physical mapping of 18S-5.8S-25S and 5S ribosomal RNA loci in species of genus Lens Miller (Fabaceae). Caryologia 55: 121-128.
  • Adobepdf108. Fernández M, Ruiz ML, Linares C, Fominaya A, Pérez de la Vega M. 2005. 5S rDNA genome regions of Lens species. Genome 48: 937-942.
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  • Adobepdf456. Matoba H, Uchiyama H, Koyama T. 2001. Physical mapping of 5S and 18S rDNA in lettuce, Lactuca sativa L. (Asteraceae). Chromosome Science 5: 73-77.
  • Adobepdf457. Matoba H, Mizutani T, Nagano K, Hoshi Y, Uchiyama H. 2007. Chromosomal study of lettuce and its allied species (Lactuca spp., Asteraceae) by means of karyotype analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Hereditas 144: 235-243.
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  • Adobepdf460. Sheng M, Wang L, Tian X. 2013. Identification of the full set of Fagopyrum esculentum trisonomics by heterochromatin banding analysis and rDNA physical mapping. Scientia Horticulturae 155: 15-23.
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  • Adobepdf467. Shibata F, Hizume M. 2002. Evolution of 5S rDNA units and their chromosomal localization in Allium cepa and Allium schoenoprasum revealed by microdissection and FISH. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 105: 167-172.
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  • Adobepdf469. Luo R, Wang C, Zhang D. 2006. Variation of 18S rDNA loci among six populations of Paeonia obovata Maxim. (Paeoniaceae) revealed by fluorescent in situ hybridization. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 48: 497-502.
  • Adobepdf470. Hoshi Y, Plader W, Malepszy S. 1999. Physical mapping of 45S rRNA gene loci in the cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Caryologia 52: 49-57.
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  • Adobepdf472. Kovarik A, Matyasek R, Lim KY, Skalická K, Koukalová B, Knapp S, Chase M, Leitch AR. 2004. Concerted evolution of 18-5.8-26S rDNA repeats in Nicotiana allotetraploids . Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 615-625.
  • Adobepdf473. Sadder MT, Weber G. 2001. Karyotype of maize ( Zea mays L.) mitotic metaphase chromosomes as revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with cytogenetic DNA markers. Plant Molecular Biology 19: 117-123.
  • Adobepdf474. Vanzela ALL, Cuadrado A, Jouve N, Luceño M, Guerra M. 1998. Multiple locations of the rDNA sites in holocentric chromosomes of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae). Chromosome Research 6: 345-349.
  • Adobepdf475. Stupar RM, Song J, Tek AL, Cheng Z, Dong F, Jiang J. 2002. Highly condensed potato pericentromeric heterochromatin contains rDNA-related tandem repeats. Genetics 162: 1435-1444.
  • Adobepdf476. Hizume M, Ishida F, Murata M. 1992. Multiple locations of the rDNA genes in chromosomes of pines, Pinus densiflora and P. thunbergii . Japanese Journal of Genetics 67: 389-396.
  • Adobepdf477. Las Peñas ML, Urdampilleta JD, Bernardello G, Forni-Martins ER. 2009. Karyotypes, heterochromatin, and physical mapping of 18S-26S rDNA in Cactaceae. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 124: 72-80.
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  • Adobepdf480. Hizume M. 1992. Exact Location of rRNA Genes in Vicia faba Chromosomes. Cytologia 57: 471-475.
  • Adobepdf481. Vanzela ALL, Ruas CF, Oliveira M, Ruas PM. 2002. Characterization of diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid Helianthus species by chromosome banding and FISH with 45S rDNA probe. Genetica 114: 105-111.
  • Adobepdf482. Sang Y, Liang GH. 2000. Comparative physical mapping of the 18S-5.8S-26S rDNA in three sorghum species. Genome 43: 918-922.
  • Adobepdf483. Orgaard M, Jacobsen N, Heslop-Harrison JS. 1995. The hybrid origin of two cultivars of Crocus (Iridaceae) analysed by molecular cytogenetics including genomic Southern and in situ hybridization. Annals of Botany 76: 253-262.
  • Adobepdf484. Vaughan HE, Jamilena M, Ruiz-Rejón C, Parker JS, Garrido-Ramos MA. 1993. Loss of nuclear-organizer regions during polyploid evolution in Scilla autumnalis . Heredity 71: 574-580.
  • Adobepdf485. Besendorfer V, Krajacic-Sokol I, Jelenic S, Puizina J, Mlinarec J, Sviben T, Papes D. 2005. Two classes of 5S rDNA unit arrays of the silvre fir, Abies alba Mill.: structure, localization and evolution. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 110: 730-741.
  • Adobepdf486. Galasso I, Frediani M, Maggiani M, Cremonini R, Pignone D. 1996. Chromatin characterization by banding techniques, in situ hybridization, and nuclear DNA content in Cicer L. (Leguminosae). Genome 39: 258-265.
  • Adobepdf487. Ali HBM, Meister A, Schubert I. 2000. DNA content, rDNA loci, and DAPI bands reflect the phylogenetic distance between Lathyrus species . Genome 43: 1027-1032.
  • Adobepdf488. Fukushima K, Nagano K, Hoshi Y. 2008. Somatic chromosome differentiation in three species of the Byblis liniflora complex (Byblidaceae). Chromosome Botany 3: 95-99.
  • Adobepdf489. Van Laere K, Van Huylenbroeck J, Van Bockstaele E. 2008. Karyotype analysis and physical mapping of 45S rRNA genes in Hydrangea species by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Plant Breeding 127: 301-307.
  • Adobepdf490. Anamithawat-Jónsson K, Bödvarsdóttir SK. 2001. Genomic and genetic relationships among species of Leymus (Poaceae: Triticeae) inferred from 18S-26S ribosomal genes. American Journal of Botany 88: 553-559.
  • Adobepdf491. Montijn MB, ten Hoopen R, Fransz PF, Oud JL, Nanninga N. 1998. Characterisation of the nucleolar organising regions during the cell cycle in two varieties of Petunia hybrida as visualised by fluorescence in situ hybridisation and silver staining. Chromosoma 107: 80-86.
  • Adobepdf492. Kovarik A, Werlemark G, Leitch AR, Souckova-Skalicka K, Lim YK, Khaitová L, Koukalova B, Nybom H. 2008. The asymetric meiosis in pentaploid dogroses (Rosa sect. Caninae) in associated with a skewed distribution of rRNA gene families in the gametes. Heredity 101: 359-367.
  • Adobepdf493. Cuadrado A, Jouve N. 1997. Distribution of highly repeated DNA sequences in species of the genus Secale. Genome 40: 309-317.
  • Adobepdf494. Pedersen C, Giese H, Linde-Laursen I. 1995. Toward an integration of the physical and genetic chromosomes maps of barley by in situ hybridization. Hereditas 123: 77-88.
  • Adobepdf495. Fransz PF, Stam M, Montijn B, Hoopen RT, Wiegant J, Kooter JM, Oud O, Nanninga N. 1996. Detection of single-copy genes and chromosome rearrangements in Petunia hybrida by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The Plant Journal 9: 767-774.
  • Adobepdf496. Vischi M, Jurman I, Bianchi G, Morgante M. 2003. Karyotype of Norway spruce by multicolor FISH. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 591-597.
  • Adobepdf497. Cuellar T, Belhassen E, Fernández-Calvín B, Orellana J, Bella JL. 1996. Chromosomal differentiation in Helianthus annuus var. macrocarpus: heterochromatin characterization and rDNA location. Heredity 76: 586-591.
  • Adobepdf498. Ran Y, Murray BG, Hammett KRW. 1999. Karyotype analysis of the genus Clivia by Giemsa and fluorochrome banding and in situ hybridization. Euphytica 106: 139-147.
  • Adobepdf499. Snowdon RJ, Köhler W, Köhler A. 1997. Chromosomal localization and characterization of rDNA loci in the Brassica A and C genomes. Genome 40: 582-587.
  • Adobepdf500. Maluszynska J, Heslop-Harrison JS. 1993. Molecular cytogenetics of the genus Arabidopsis: in situ localization of rDNA sites chromosomes numbers and diversity in centromeric heterochromatin. Annals of Botany 71: 479-484.
  • Adobepdf501. Kokubugata G, Kondo K. 1998. Comparative karyotype analysis of Ceratozamia mexicana and Microcycas calocoma (Zamiaceae) using fluorochrome banding (CMA/DAPI) and fluorescence in situ hybridization of ribosomal DNA. Plant Systematics and Evolution 210: 41-50.
  • Adobepdf502. Hizume M, Ishida F, Kondo K. 1992. Differential staining and in situ hybridization of nuclear organizers and centromeres in Cycas revoluta chromosomes. Japanese Journal of Genetics 67: 381-387.
  • Adobepdf503. Singh RJ, Kim HH, Hymowitz T. 2001. Distribution of rDNA loci in the genus Glycine Willd. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 103: 212-218.
  • Adobepdf504. Deng H-S, Zhang D-M, Fu C-X, Hong D-Y. 2008. Behavior of Meiotic Chromosomes in Pinus wallichiana , P. strobus and Their Hybrid and nrDNA Localization in Pollen Mother Cells of the Hybrid by Using FISH. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 50: 360-367.
  • Adobepdf505. Lee SH, Do GS, Seo BB. 1999. Chromosomal localization of 5S rRNA gene loci and the implications for relationship within the Allium complex. Chromosome Research 7: 89-93.
  • Adobepdf506. Stahle U, Lima-De-Faria A, Ghatnekar R, Jaworska H, Manley M. 1975. Satellite DNA, localization of ribosomal cistrons and heterochromatin in Haplopappus gracilis. Hereditas 79: 21-28.
  • Adobepdf507. Abd El-Twab MH. 2012. Molecular cytogenetics studies in Reichardia tingetana: Physical mapping of heterochromatin, telomere repeats, and 5S and 45S rDNa by 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 50: 496-501.
  • Adobepdf508. Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Pires JC, Kovarik A, Tate JA, Mavrodiev E. 2004. Recent and recurrent polyploidy in Tragopogon (Asteraceae): cytogenetic, genomic and genetic comparisons. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 485-501.
  • Adobepdf509. Samatadze TE, Muravenko OV, Bolsheva NL, Amosova AV, Gostimsky SA, Zelenin AV. 2005. Investigation of chromosomes in varieties and translocation lines of pea Pisum sativum L. by FISH, Ag-NOR, and differential DAPI staining. Russian Journal of Genetics 41: 1665-1673.
  • Adobepdf510. Abd El-Twab MH, Kondo K. 2004. Identification of mutation and homologous chromosomes in four cultivars of Dendranthema grandiflora by physical mapping of 5S and 45S rDNAs using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Chromosome Science 8: 81-86.
  • Adobepdf511. Wolny E, Fidyk W, Hasterok R. 2013. Karyotyping of Brachypodium pinnatum (2n=18) chromosomes using cross-species BAC-FISH. Genome 56: 239-243.
  • Adobepdf512. Kato A, Lamb JC, Birchler JA. 2004. Chromosome painting using repetitive DNA sequences as probes for somatic chromosome identification in maize. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 101: 13554-13559.
  • Adobepdf513. D'Hont A . 2005. Unraveling the genome structure of polyploids using FISH and GISH, examples of sugarcane and banana. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 109: 27-33.
  • Adobepdf514. Crane CF, Price J, Stelly DM, Czeschin DG, McKnight TD. 1993. Identification of a homologous chromosome pair by in situ DNA hybridization to ribosomal RNA loci in meiotic chromosomes of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Genome 36: 1015-1022.
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Publications on plant telomere composition

  • Adobepdf1. Abd El-Twab & Kondo 2006 Abd El-Twab MH, Kondo K (2006) FISH physical mapping of 5S, 45S and Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence repeats in Chrysanthemum zawadskii showing intra-chromosomal variation and complexity in nature. Chromosome Botany 1: 1-5.
  • Adobepdf2. Abd El-Twab & Kondo 2007 Abd El-Twab, MH, Kondo, K (2007) FISH physical mapping of 5S rDNA and telomere sequence repeats identified a peculiar chromosome mapping and mutation in Leucanthemella linearis and Nipponanthemum nipponicum in Chrysanthemum sensu lato. Chromosome Botany, 2: 11-17.
  • Adobepdf3. Abd El-Twab & Kondo 2009 Abd El-Twab, MH, Kondo, K (2012) Physical mapping of 5S and 45S rDNA in Chrysanthemum and related genera of the Anthemideae by FISH, and species relationships. Journal of Genetics 91: 245-249.
  • Adobepdf4. Adams et al. 2001 Adams SP, Hartman TPV, Lim KY, Chase MW, Bennett MD, Leitch IJ, Leitch AR (2001) Loss and recovery of Arabidopsis–type telomere repeat sequences 5_–(TTTAGGG) n–3_ in the evolution of a major radiation of flowering plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 268: 1541-1546.
  • Adobepdf5. Alexandrov et al. 2012 Karlov G (2012) Sex chromosome differentiation in Humulus japonicus Siebold Zuccarini, 1846 (Cannabaceae) revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization of subtelomeric repeat. Comparative Cytogenetics 6: 239.
  • Adobepdf6. Amosova et al. 2015 Amosova AV, Bolsheva NL, Samatadze TE, Twardovska MO, Zoshchuk SA, Andreev IO, Muravenko OV (2015) Molecular cytogenetic analysis of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. (Poaceae), Maritime Antarctic. PloS ONE 10: e0138878.
  • Adobepdf7. Anderson 2010 Anderson JC (2010) Cytogenomic analyses of the genus Sorghum (Doctoral dissertation, Texas AM University).
  • Adobepdf8. Barholomé et al. 2015 Bartholomé J, Mandrou E, Mabiala A, Jenkins J, Nabihoudine I, Klopp C, Gion JM (2015) High_resolution genetic maps of Eucalyptus improve Eucalyptus grandis genome assembly New Phytologist, 206: 1283-1296.
  • Adobepdf9. Begum et al. 2009 Begum R, Alam SS, Menzel G, Schmidt T (2009) Comparative molecular cytogenetics of major repetitive sequence families of three Dendrobium species (Orchidaceae) from Bangladesh. Annals of Botany 104: 863-872..
  • Adobepdf10. Belo et al. 2016 Belo GO, Souza MM, Souza VO, Melo CAF (2015) Reproductive and cytogenetic characterization in Passiflora sublanceolata. Biologia 70: 733-743.
  • Adobepdf11. Bolsheva et al. 2015 Bolsheva NL, Zelenin AV, Nosova IV, Amosova AV, Samatadze TE, Yurkevich OY, Muravenko OV (2015) The diversity of karyotypes and genomes within section Syllinum of the genus Linum(Linaceae) revealed by molecular cytogenetic markers and RAPD analysis PloS ONE 10: e0122015.
  • Adobepdf12. Borgen et al. 2003 Borgen, L, Leitch I, Santos-Guerra A (2003) Genome organization in diploid hybrid species ofArgyranthemum (Asteraceae) in the Canary Islands. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 491-501.
  • Adobepdf13. Cox et al. 1993 Cox AV, Bennett ST, Parokonny AS, Kenton A, Callimassia MA, Bennett MD (1993) Comparison of plant telomere locations using a PCR-generated synthetic probe. Annals of Botany 72: 239-247.
  • Adobepdf14. Da Silva et al. 2005 Da Silva CR, González-Elizondo MS, Vanzela AL (2005) Reduction of chromosome number in Eleocharis subarticulata (Cyperaceae) by multiple translocations. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 149: 457-464.
  • Adobepdf15. Datson & Murray 2006 Datson PM, Murray BG (2006) Ribosomal DNA locus evolution in Nemesia: transposition rather than structural rearrangement as the key mechanism? Chromosome Research 14: 845-857.
  • Adobepdf16. de la Herrán et al. 2005 de La Herrán R, Cuñado N, Navajas-Pérez R, Santos JL, Ruiz Rejón C, Garrido-Ramos MA, Ruiz Rejón M (2005) The controversial telomeres of lily plants. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 109: 144-147.
  • Adobepdf17. Devi et al. 2003 Devi, KU, Devi, VS, Nirmal, K, Sivaramakrishnan, S, Isola, NR (2003) Telomere length dynamics in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] RBr) as observed at different developmental stages. Plant Biology 5: 285-289.
  • Adobepdf18. Diao et al. 2005 Diao Y, Yang GX, Zhou MQ (2005) Karyotype analysis of Nelumbo nucifera and Nelumbo lutea by chromosome banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Gene Genomics 27: 187-194.
  • Adobepdf19. Divashuk et al. 2011 Divashuk MG, Alexandrov OS, Kroupin PY, Karlov GI (2011) Molecular cytogenetic mapping of Humulus lupulus sex chromosomes. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 134: 213-219.
  • Adobepdf20. Divashuk et al. 2014 Divashuk MG, Alexandrov OS, Razumova OV, Kirov IV, Karlov GI (2014) Molecular cytogenetic characterization of the dioecious Cannabis sativa with an XY chromosome sex determination system. PloS ONE 9: e85118.
  • Adobepdf21. Dydak et al. 2009 Dydak M, Kolano B, Nowak T, Siwinska D, Maluszynska J (2009) Cytogenetic studies of three European species of Centaurea L. (Asteraceae). Hereditas 146: 152-161.
  • Adobepdf22. Fajkus et al. 2016 Fajkus P, Peška V, Sitová Z, Fulne_ková J, Dvo_á_ková M, Gogela R, Fajkus J (2016) Allium telomeres unmasked: the unusual telomeric sequence (CTCGGTTATGGG)n is synthesized by telomerase. The Plant Journal 85: 337-347.
  • Adobepdf23. Fuchs et al. 1995 Lan TY, Liu B, Dong FP, Chen RY, Li XL, Chen CB (2007) Multicolor FISH analysis of rDNA and telomere on spinach. Yi Chuan 29: 1405-1408.
  • Adobepdf24. Galasso et al. 2001 Galasso I, Schmidt T, Pignone D (2001) Identification of Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris chromosomes by physical mapping of repetitive DNA sequences. Chromosome Research 9: 199-209.
  • Adobepdf25. Garcia et al. 2009 Garcia S, Garnatje T, Pellicer J, McArthur ED, Siljak-Yakovlev S, Valles J (2009) Ribosomal DNA, heterochromatin, and correlation with genome size in diploid and polyploid North American endemic sagebrushes (Artemisia, Asteraceae. Genome 52: 1012-1024.
  • Adobepdf26. Golczyk et al. 2014 Golczyk H, Massouh A, Greiner S (2014) Translocations of chromosome end-segments and facultative heterochromatin promote meiotic ring formation in evening primroses. The Plant Cell 26: 1280-1293.
  • Adobepdf27. Gortner et al. 1998 Gortner G, Nenno M, Weising K, Zink D, Nagl W, Kahl G (1998) Chromosomal localization and distribution of simple sequence repeats and the Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence in the genome of Cicer arietinum L. Chromosome Research 6: 97-104.
  • Adobepdf28. Guo et al. 2013 Guo S, Zhang J, Sun H, Salse J, Lucas WJ, Zhang H, Min J (2013) The draft genome of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and resequencing of 20 diverse accessions. Nature Genetics 45: 51-58.
  • Adobepdf29. Hajdera et al. 2003 Hajdera I, Siwinska D, Hasterok R, Maluszynska J (2003) Molecular cytogenetic analysis of genome structure inLupinus angustifolius and Lupinus cosentinii. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 988-996.
  • Adobepdf30. Hanmoto et al. 2007 Hanmoto H, Kataoka R, Ohmido N, Yonezawa Y (2007) Interstitial telomere-like repeats in the Haplopappus gracilis (Asteraceae) genome revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Cytologia 72: 483-488.
  • Adobepdf31. Hoopen et al. 1999 Hoopen TR, Montijn BM, Veuskens JT, Oud OJ, Nanninga, N (1999) The spatial localization of T-DNA insertions in Petunia interphase nuclei: consequences for chromosome organization and transgene insertion sites. Chromosome Research 7: 611-623.
  • Adobepdf32. Houben et al. 1999 Houben A, Thompson N, Ahne R, Leach CR, Verlin D, Timmis JN (1999) A monophyletic origin of the B chromosomes of Brachycome dichromosomatica (Asteraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 219: 127-135.
  • Adobepdf33. Hsiao 2012 Hsiao CC (2012) Chromosome localization of early flowering in short days (EFS) gene and sequence analysis on Phalaenopsis orchids. PhD thesis.
  • Adobepdf34. Idziak et al. 2015 Idziak D, Robaszkiewicz E, Hasterok R (2015) Spatial distribution of centromeres and telomeres at interphase varies among Brachypodium species. Journal of Experimental Botany, erv369.
  • Adobepdf35. Iovene et al. 2015 Iovene M, Yu Q, Ming R, Jiang J (2015) Evidence for emergence of sex-determining gene (s) in a centromeric region in Vasconcellea parviflora. Genetics 199: 413-421.
  • Adobepdf36. Islam-Faridi et al. 2009 Islam-Faridi MN, Nelson CD, DiFazio SP, Gunter LE, Tuskan GA (2009) Cytogenetic analysis of Populus trichocarpa–ribosomal DNA, telomere repeat sequence, and marker-selected BACs. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 125: 74-80.
  • Adobepdf37. Kikuchi et al. 2006 Kikuchi S, Tanaka H, Shiba T, Mii M, Tsujimoto H (2006) Genome size, karyotype, meiosis and a novel extra chromosome in Torenia fournieri, T. baillonii and their hybrid. Chromosome Research 14: 665-672.
  • Adobepdf38. Kim et al. 2009 Kim ES, Bolsheva NL, Samatadze TE, Nosov NN, Nosova IV, Zelenin AV, Rodionov AV (2009) The unique genome of two-chromosome grasses Zingeria and Colpodium, its origin, and evolution. Russian Journal of Genetics 45: 1329-1337.
  • Adobepdf39. Kondo and Furuta 1999 Kondo K, Furuta, T (1999) Region in situ-hybridized by the Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence repeats in Drosera chromosomes. Chromosome Science 3: 63-67.
  • Adobepdf40. Kono et al. 2011 Kono Y, Hoshi Y, Setoguchi H, Yokota M, Oginuma K (2011) Distribution patterns of rDNAs and telomeres and chromosomal rearrangement between two cytotypes of Lysimachia mauritiana L. (Primulaceae). Caryologia 64: 91-98.
  • Adobepdf41. Kovarik et al. 1996 Kova_ik A, Fajkus J, Koukalova B, Bezd_k M (1996) Species-specific evolution of telomeric and rDNA repeats in the tobacco composite genome. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 92: 1108-1111.
  • Adobepdf42. Lan et al. 2008 Lan T, Liu B, Dong F, Chen R, Li X, Chen C (2008) Multicolor FISH analysis of rDNA and telomere on spinach. Frontiers of Agriculture in China 2: 314-316.
  • Adobepdf43. Lan et al. 2016 Lan H, Chen CL, Miao Y, Yu CX, Guo WW, Xu Q, Deng XX (2016) Fragile sites of ‘Valencia’ sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) chromosomes are related with active 45S rDNA. PloS ONE 11: e0151512.
  • Adobepdf44. Leitch et al. 1999 Leitch AR, Lim KY, Leitch IJ, O'Neill M, Chye M, Low F (1998) Molecular cytogenetic studies in rubber, Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae). Genome 41: 464-467.
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